Abdominal ultrasound exam
liver, bile ducts, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, retroperitoneum, abdominal aorta
Pelvic ultrasound scan
bladder, prostate gland, uterus, ovaries
Neck and small parts ultrasound
lymph nodes, salivary gland, thyroid
Soft tissues scan
muscles, subcutaneous tissue
Preparing for abdominal ultrasound exam:
1. 2 - 3 days before the scan, in order to get rid of gas that could distort the ultrasound, take Espumisan, Simeticone or similar effect medication should be taken (dosage: 2 capsules 3 times a day)
2. 24 hours before the scan it is important to follow a light diet and avoid food causing bloating (beans, sauerkraut, garlic, fizzy drinks etc.)
3. On the day of the scan, for approximately 6 hours before the ultrasound, you should refrain from eating.
4. Furthermore, for the scan your bladder should be full, therefore it is advised to drink a lot of still water prior to the examination.